1. Low-fat diets
As the name suggests, this type of a diet advocates limiting fat consumption to a minimum amount. A person’s risk for heart disease increases if their diet consists of fatty foods. Fat is notoriously known for increasing cholesterol levels in the blood. In the best weight loss diet, there is no recommendation concerning the number of calories to be taken in on a daily basis. The stress is on sticking to foods that are not fat rich. Hence, fatty foods such as bacon, sausage, and potato chips should be strictly avoided. Egg whites, pasta with vegetables, pop corn, fruits and vegetables are recommended under this diet.
2. Low-calorie diets
On the other hand, a low-calorie diet reduces the amount of all macronutrients (oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous and sulphur) so that the person’s daily intake of calories comes down to 4.2–6.7 mega joules. This kind of diet includes replacing meals of one or two full calorie meals with a low-calorie meal. Such diet consists commonly of protein with a small amount of fat and carbohydrate in it. A study had found that such a diet led to 8.6% reduction in body weight in 12 months in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Broccoli, sprouts, cabbage and mushrooms are among good choices for low calorie diets.